FAQs on IPO Financing

IPO Financing, as the name suggests, is providing finance for the purpose of subscribing to initial public offers done by companies. In case of IPO Financing, the exposure is based on the borrower, and the securities/ shares, if allotted, are taken as collateral for securing the obligations under the loan. The investor will realise the shares so allotted in the IPO and pay-off the loan taken from the Banks/NBFCs.

How does IPO Financing work?

IPO Financing is widely used by High Networth Individuals (HNIs) as a tool to leverage the funds available with an intent to make profits from the IPO allotment price and the price at the time of listing. Typically, the lender would provide a short-term loan to the borrower at a certain interest rate, till the shares are listed. The transaction forces the investor to sell the shares once listed. Out of the proceeds, the lender would retain the repayment of loan and payment of interest plus other charges, as may be levied; and the balance is taken home by the investor as profits.  Hence, the idea is not to “invest” in an IPO and eventually earn investment rewards; rather, the intent usually is to “enter” and “exit” by booking possible gains in the shortest time span.

Recently, the RBI has released Scale Based Regulation (SBR): A Revised Regulatory Framework for NBFCs (SBR) on October 22, 2021. While the SBR provides for broad contours of the revised framework, concrete regulations in the form of ‘Directions’ are awaited from RBI. SBR fixes a ceiling of Rs. 1 crore per borrower in case of IPO financing by any NBFC.

We have tried to figure out the probable questions arising out of the aforesaid proposal and respond to the same in the form of these FAQs. However, these are subject to final directions yet to be issued by RBI in this regard. We shall update this FAQ once there are clear directions in this regard. These FAQs shall be read accordingly.

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A layered approach to NBFC Regulation:

A summary of the regulations can be viewed here. Our Youtube elaborating on the subject can be viewed here.

A layered approach to NBFC Regulation_ICSI

 

Special Purpose Acquisition Company

Special Purpose Acquisition Company

Other ‘I am the best’ presentations can be viewed here

Our other resources on related topics –

  1. https://vinodkothari.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/An-overview-of-SPACs-and-related-concerns-in-India.pdf
  2. https://vinodkothari.com/2021/08/spacs-value-proposition-regulatory-framework/
  3. https://vinodkothari.com/2021/08/regulatory-eco-system-for-spacs/

Creating regulatory eco-system for SPACs in India

– Ajay Kumar KV, Manager & Himanshu Dubey, Executive

[corplaw@vinodothari.com]

From a little-known word and a preserve of a select few finance professionals, the term Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) is today a buzzword. The regulators across the globe are taking necessary actions to enable SPACs to raise money from investors – jurisdictions like the US, UK and Malaysia lead from the front. Having a sound regulatory framework is important because if investors are keen towards SPACs, and the regulators do not enable it, it is quite likely that the country will not be a friendly destination for SPACs. Hence, India’s securities regulator SEBI has recently constituted an Expert Group for examining the feasibility of SPACs in India, and the International Financial Services Center Authority (IFSCA) has issued IFSCA (Issuance and Listing of Securities) Regulations, 2021[1] which provides a regulatory framework for listing of SPACs within its jurisdiction.

In this write up, the authors take a look at the global legislative measures, and also outline the various changes in the regulations that may be needed in India to enable to make India a SPAC-friendly jurisdiction.

Contents

Introduction. 2

Important regulatory concerns. 3

  1. Sponsor’s contribution. 4
  2. Safekeeping of IPO proceeds. 4
  3. Acquisition Process. 4
  4. Managing conflict of interest 5
  5. Exit mechanism… 5
  6. Speculation on shares. 5
  7. Celebrity endorsements. 6

Regulatory framework in India. 6

Issues under the Act 6

Regulatory framework for SPACs as per the IFSCA (Issuance and Listing of Securities) Regulations, 2021. 9

Exploring some scenarios and the concomitant regulatory ramifications. 13

Regulatory framework on SPACs abroad. 16

  1. Malaysia. 16
  2. Canada. 18
  3. United Kingdom (UK). 19
  4. United States of America (USA). 21

Conclusion. 24

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SPACs – Value Proposition & Regulatory Framework

– Megha Mittal

[mittal@vinodkothari.com]

The concept of Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (‘SPACs’) has gained significant attention and importance in India in recent times – from a subject preserved to select classes, the surge in transactions over 2020, has made it pave its way to every investor’s dictionary. And with all the spotlight that SPACs have attracted, the numbers seem to only lend to the hype. To begin with, the global SPAC IPO proceeds in 2020 alone is estimated to be $83 billion USD[1] with a total of 251 listings. This figure is further projected to grow to a massive 711 listings in 2021 with an average IPO size of USD 294.5 Million as on 15th August, 2021[2].

Globally, SPACs have become the investment vehicle of choice, more-so by startups looking for funding; and the US has been the flag bearer of the SPAC industry, leading from the front. Following shortly behind are economies like UK, Malaysia and Canada; and while India is playing catch-up, it seems to be speeding up quick enough, at least on the regulatory front.

For the uninitiated, a SPAC, often referred to as a Blank-check Company or a Shell Company, is a non-operating company with the admitted intent (read: special purpose) of acquiring of a potential target within a stipulated timeline[3].

In this article, while dealing with the basic regulatory framework via-a-vis SPACs, the author seeks to analyse the motivation(s) behind such transactions from all perspectives – the acquirer’s, the acquiree’s and the investors’.

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