Home-buyers provisions in IBC: Putting square peg in round holes?

 Sikha Bansal


The ruling of the Apex Court in Pioneer Urban Land and Infrastructure vs. Union of India[1], comes as a breather for home-buyers (all and sundry), upholding the constitutional validity of the amendments brought out in section 5(8) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (“IBC”).

Section 5(8) defines ‘financial debt’ as a debt alongwith interest, if any, which is disbursed against the consideration for the time value of money and includes “any amount raised under any other transaction, including any forward sale or purchase agreement, having the commercial effect of borrowing” [clause (f)]. An explanation was inserted[2], wherein “any amount raised from an allottee under a real estate project shall be deemed to be an amount having the commercial effect of a borrowing”. Read more

Amendment in Liquidation Regulations: Salient Features and Analysis

By Sikha Bansal 


The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India has notified the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) (Amendment) Regulations, 2019 (“Amendment Regulations”) and introduced major changes in the existing law. Majority of the amendments are curative, therefore, intended to resolve practical difficulties arising in liquidation proceedings as have been experienced so far. Read more

Liquidation Regulations: Wide-ranging, far-reaching changes to make liquidations faster, smoother

Vinod Kothari


The attention that reforms in liquidation regulations has received, relative to what has gone in case of resolution, is far lesser than deserved, given the percentage of the resolution cases that slip into liquidation. Most of the major liquidations initiated 12 to 18 months ago are either making a very tardy progress, or are stuck into dead-ends. There were several needed changes in the Liquidation Regulations, and it is so very heartening to see the IBBI announce the amendments vide the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Liquidation Process) (Amendment) Regulations, 2019, concluding a consultation process that began almost 8-9 months ago. The best part is, the amendments have incorporated most of the useful suggestions that were made either in the roundtable meetings held across the country, several comments and write-ups[1], or subsequently in response to the Discussion Paper. Read more

The Insolvency Amendment Bill, 2019: Highlights

By Sikha Bansal


The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been introduced in Rajya Sabha and will have a game-changing impact on the ongoing insolvency proceedings as well as the future of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. Read more

IBC Amendment Bill, 2019: Will it bring distributive justice

By Vinod Kothari


Insolvency laws are all about distributive justice, inspired by the pari passu rule enunciated centuries ago. The key theme of insolvency laws is that since there is a shortfall of assets to pay off everyone, everyone with similar ranking of priorities should be paid proportionately. Read more

Supreme Court’s status-quo on Essar Steel-How the tables could turn for ArcelorMittal!

– CS Megha Mittal


[This article is intended for academic debate on the law around powers of the Committee of Creditors vis-à-vis the adjudicatory authorities, as it continues to evolve] Read more

Union Budget 2019-20: Impact on Corporate and Financial sector

Prudential Framework for Resolution of Stressed Assets: New Dispensation for dealing with NPAs

By Vinod Kothari [vinod@vinodkothari.com]; Abhirup Ghosh [abhirup@vinodkothari.com]

With the 12th Feb., 2018 having been struck down by the Supreme Court, the RBI has come with a new framework, in form of Directions[1], with enhanced applicability covering banks, financial institutions, small finance banks, and systematically important NBFCs. The Directions apply with immediate effect, that is, 7th June, 2019.

The revised framework [FRESA – Framework for Resolution of Stressed Accounts] has much larger room for discretion to lenders, and unlike the 12th Feb., 2018 circular, does not mandate referral of the borrowers en masse to insolvency resolution. While the RBI has reserved the rights, under sec.  35AA of the BR Act, to refer specific borrowers to the IBC, the FRESA gives liberty to the members of the joint lenders forum consisting of banks, financial institutions, small finance banks and systemically important NBFCs, to decide the resolution plan. The resolution plan may involve restructuring, sale of the exposures to other entities, change of management or ownership of the borrower, as also reference to the IBC. Read more