Overlap in reporting of secretarial compliance

-Format under Regulation 24A

By Pammy Jaiswal (corplaw@vinodkothari.com)


The LODR (Amendment) Regulations, 2018 based on the recommendation of the Kotak Committee brought many changes on corporate governance. These changes included the requirement of annexing a secretarial audit report for both the listed entity and its material subsidiary in a specified format. Regulation 24A was inserted to be effective for the year ended on March 31, 2019. Read more

Decoding “large number” in case of Group Governance Policy under LODR

By CS Megha Saraf (megha@vinodkothari.com)


The Securities Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) formulated a Corporate Governance Committee (“CG Committee/ Committee”) under the Chairmanship of Shri Uday Kotak to amend/insert new provisions in the existing SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 (“Listing Regulations”). With a vision to enhance the standards of corporate governance of listed entities, several recommendations were made by the CG Committee in its Report dated October 2017 which were kept open for public comments/ suggestions. Out of the several recommendations made by the Committee, many of them were accepted with or without modifications and necessary amendments were brought in the Listing Regulations vide SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) (Amendment) Regulations, 2018 dated 9th May, 2018 enforcing them in tranches.

However, certain recommendations though accepted, were left with SEBI for implementation by way of circulars from time to time. In view of this, SEBI Circular SEBI/HO/CFD/CMD/CIR/P/2018/79 dated 10th May, 2018 (“Circular”) was issued requiring the listed entities having subsidiaries to adopt a Group Governance Policy in order to enhance the standards of corporate governance at a group level. Group Governance Policy is required when there is a “large number” of subsidiaries in a group.

This article seeks to lay down rules/guidance as to how to decipher the meaning of the “large number” in context of a group. In essence, whether there may be numerical number, which may, in absolute terms, be regarded as large, or whether the determination of large number is relative, and will depend on various factors. If so, what are those factors? In short, this article gets into the unclear question of how to determine whether a particular group has a large number of subsidiaries.

Read more

Guide to PIT Documentation

By Vinod Kothari & Company (corplaw@vinodkothari.com)

Comprehensive changes were done in SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Regulations, 2015  (‘PIT Regulations’) vide SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Amendment Regulations, 2018[1] (effective from April 1, 2019). Recently, minor amendment has also been made in disclosure requirements by members of promoter group vide SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Amendment Regulations, 2019[2] (effective from January 21, 2019) Read more

SEBI proposes to liberalise norms for REITs & InvITs

By Simran Jalan (simran@vinodkothari.com)


Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) is an innovative vehicle that allows investors to invest in infrastructure assets. It was established with an objective of easing out the liquidity crunch in the infrastructure space. Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) has been one of the most important vehicles for making collective investments in commercial real estate. Emanating in the USA in 1960s as a tax transparent collective investment vehicle, REITs subsequently have been used by several other countries, and have done remarkably well.

The Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) had notified the SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014[1] (InvITs Regulations) and SEBI (Real Estate Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014[2] (REITs Regulations) on September 26, 2014. With the introduction of these regulations and fast-growing cities needing more investments in commercial properties and infrastructures, it was expected that there will be a surge in these collective investment vehicles in India. However, the current scenario depicts a different story. Till date, only 3 InvITs have issued and listed their units raising approximately Rs. 10,000 crores and 1 REIT is in the process of making a public offer. Despite various relaxations given by the market regulator to these investment vehicles, they failed to attract investors.

Therefore, to gear up the market for REITs and InvITs and to increase the participants in this sector, SEBI has issued a consultation paper[3] with a proposal to amend regulations pertaining to REITs and InvITs. In this write up we intend to discuss the amendments proposed by SEBI.

Read more