RBI now allows ARCs to hold more than 26% shares

By Mayank Agarwal ( finserv@vinodkothari.com )

Introduction

The ever-increasing volume of Non-Performing Assets has paralyzed the Indian banking sector, with the gross NPA figures reported to be around Rs. 8.4 lakh crores at the end of September 2017.[1] Forming around 12% of the total banking advances, the distressed Indian banking situation should have provided the Indian Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) with a vast share of market to cater to and thus yield impressive results. However, the past few years have resulted in the contrary, with the Indian ARCs failing to live up to its expectations.

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APPLICATION UNDER SARFAESI- A Liberal Approach by the Supreme Court

By Richa Saraf, (legal@vinodkothari.com)

 

In the case of M.D. Frozen Foods Exports Pvt. Ltd. v. Hero Fincorp Ltd.[1], the Hon’ble Supreme Court held that there was no illegality in an Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) invoking SARFAESI Act for recovery of loan arrears with respect to an account classified as Non-Performing Asset (NPA) before the NBFC got notified under the Act. It also clarified that NBFC is entitled to initiate both arbitration proceedings and SARFAESI proceedings with respect to a loan account, and that the ‘doctrine of election’ was not attracted in such a scenario. There was a cleavage of judicial opinions inter se the High Courts, while the Full Bench of the Orissa High Court, as also the Delhi High Court and the Allahabad High Court have taken a view favourable in terms of the simultaneous legal processes under the SARFAESI Act and arbitration recovery proceedings, the Andhra Pradesh High Court has taken a divergent view and after careful scrutiny of the rival contentions and the judicial precedents cited, the Apex Court has finally settled the law on the point. Below, we discuss the same.  Read more

RESTRICTIVE REMEDY UNDER SECTION 14 OF SARFAESI ACT

By Richa Saraf , (legal@vinodkothari.com)

In a recent Calcutta High Court (“Hon’ble High Court”) ruling of Union Bank of India & Anr. v. State of West Bengal & Ors. (01.09.2017), the object and intention behind Section 14 of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (“SARFAESI Act”) was discussed. The issue for consideration before the Hon’ble High Court was whether the District Magistrate can consider and dispose of an application under Section 14, subsequent to sale of the immovable property, over which security interest was claimed and the Hon’ble High Court answered in negative. Below, we discuss the ruling. Read more

Guidance Note to NBFCs for nomination of counsel in Delhi High Court

By Richa Saraf, (legal@vinodkothari.com)

BACKGROUND:

  1. In exercise of its powers under sub clause (iv) of clause (m) of sub section (1) of section 2 read with section 31A of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 ( “SARFAESI Act”), the Central Government issued a notification[1] dated August 5, 2016 notifying 196 Non- Banking Financial Companies (“Notified NBFCs”) as “Financial Institutions”, registered with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and having asset of Rs. 500 crore and above as per their last audited balance sheet, on which the SARFAESI Act is applicable. Read more

Impact of GST on factoring transactions

By Abhirup Ghosh, (gst@vinodkothari.com)

Factoring is a very popular product mode of working capital funding across the globe. In India, however, the picture is not quite rosy for factoring companies. Nevertheless, like every other thing in the country, factoring transactions will also be affected by the introduction of GST in India. Here in this article, we intend to walk you through the probable impact, GST would create on factoring transactions. Read more

Is the two-section ordinance key to India’s bulging NPA crisis?

By Vinod Kothari, (vinod@vinodkothari.com)
The much-awaited ordinance, expected to make a tangible impact on India’s crisis of piling non-performing assets (NPA), was signed into law by the President on 5 May 2017. The Ordinance, consisting of barely two sections, makes amendments to the regulatory framework of banking in India, the Banking Regulation Act. After reading the law, one is forced to ask if this is what was holding up the resolution of NPA crisis in the country. Did it actually have to take all this time?

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Increased Capital Requirements for Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) by Kirti Sharma, April 8, 2017

RBI Announcement

With a view to increase more cash based sales of Non-Performing Assets (NPAs), the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has amended the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002 increasing the capital requirement for Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) to 100 crores from 2 crores in the Statement on Developmental and Regulatory Policies issued on 6th April 2017.

Implications

This move of the regulator would raise concern for the smaller ARCs operating in the country to comply with the steep rise in the capital requirement norms.

The final guidelines in this regard shall be issued by the end of April 2017.